Search Resources
Advanced Search
Tip
You can do this in standard search by "surrounding your phrase with quotes".
Find one or more words
or or Tip
You do this in standard search by typing OR between your alternate words.
Search Resources collapse
Share this page Email Print Tweet This Share to Facebook Digg it

Governance Models and Strategies

While the concept of governance is not new its application in protected area management is a new development. Governance is not ‘management’, which is involved in addressing sites or situations, but about who makes the decisions and how. Governance of protected areas has been defined as the regulatory processes, mechanisms and organisations that determine the direction of management, the use of power, and how stakeholders are included in decision-making. Recent research proposes seven principles of good governance for protected areas - legitimacy, transparency, accountability, inclusiveness, fairness, connectivity and resilience. There are many perspectives on what constitutes good governance.Read more

While the concept of governance is not new its application in protected area management is a new development. Governance is not ‘management’, which is involved in addressing sites or situations, but about who makes the decisions and how. Governance of protected areas has been defined as the regulatory processes, mechanisms and organisations that determine the direction of management, the use of power, and how stakeholders are included in decision-making (see 'Stakeholder Representation and Engagement'). Recent research proposes seven principles of good governance for protected areas - legitimacy, transparency, accountability, inclusiveness, fairness, connectivity and resilience (see Managing Protected Areas).

 

Today there is agreement that good governance requires the inclusion of community members and stakeholders in decisions regarding the management of protected areas. In practical terms this is reflected in joint management and co-management arrangements, public consultation, and more inclusive forms of public participation in planning and decision-making (see Transforming Parks and Protected Areas).

The approaches to governance can be classified into three broad types; top-down (hierarchical), market driven (deregulated) or collaborative (distributed/shared).

Current research has identified a number of management models each with different governance implications including the centralised versus decentralised model, scientific model, ecological integrity model, ecosystem based model, active and adaptive management model, adaptive ecosystem management, cooperative management, shared community (integrated) model, community oriented model, shared management model, and parastatal model. Developing models that suit the unique circumstances of each park is relevant to maintaining sustainable park systems. Choosing the correct model will depend on the political, social, cultural, demographic and ecological environment. A trend is occurring towards models allowing greater financial independence from government funding as well as partnerships with stakeholders and businesses.


Reduce

Portal Resources

Showing 1-2 of about 2 results
1
Showing 1-2 of about 2 results
1

Partner Sites results

View more
The Google Mini Appliance that drives Search Results for the STO Portal is currently being replaced. During this time 'Search' functionality will be unavailable. We apologise for the inconvenience & thank you for your patience. If you wish to find out more about Sustainable Tourism Online, please contact us on +61 7 3238 1900.

Discussion results

There are no results found.
Preview Close